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What is better ? Modafinil Vs Adderall

Adderall is a combination of two central nervous system stimulant drugs, Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine. Adderall works by increasing dopamine and norepinephrine activity in people with ADHD, who tend to have lower levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine.

It provides cognitive enhancement in the short term for healthy individuals, making it popular among college students and office goers for improving performance.

Adderall and its alternatives could be more popular among recreational users than among those who need it to manage ADHD symptoms. There is a risk of using higher doses than what is recommended by the manufacturer and medical practitioners.

Positive Effects of Using Adderall

  • Uplifted mood
  • Euphoria
  • Cognitive enhancement
  • Stimulation
  • Improved physical performance
  • Increased motivation
  • Greater alertness
  • Greater sociability
  • Increased focus

Negative Effects of Using Adderall

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Irregular heartbeat/palpitations
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Reduced appetite
  • Paranoia
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea and gastrointestinal problems
  • Increased temperature
  • Skin breakouts (acne)
  • Dry mouth and thirst

Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Significant lack of energy
  • Fatigue
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Mood swings
  • Lack of motivation
  • Anxiety
  • Increased appetite
  • Sleepiness
  • Sleeplessness

Modafinil is a wakefulness-promoting agent whose stimulant effects are usually subtle unlike those of some other drugs that are used for managing ADHD such as Adderall and Adderall alternatives. It is used to manage conditions that feature sedation and fatigue. 

Modafinil is widely accepted for both medical and non-medical uses because not only does it promote wakefulness but it has fewer stimulant side effects than some other medications and has low abuse potential. Negative effects while taking normal dosages are rarely anything more than insomnia, stomach upset and anxiety.

Modafinil has been studied and investigated for addressing sedation and fatigue in cases such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson?s disease, and cancer. It has also been investigated and tested for use by the military, to assist them to retain cognitive performance in the face of long and demanding missions.

It is also a top drug among students for the cognitive enhancing drug, what is referred to as study drugs. Modafinil?s use is mainly for non-medical or recreation purposes. In most countries, it is prescription-only medication. It is not an illicit drug.

It does not present much risk for healthy people even when taken in fairly high doses. It has not been associated with stimulant psychosis and seizures or any other life threatening responses, as is the case with other stimulants.

People use it for cognitive enhancement and also because it makes them remain alert for longer periods. It is effective in managing disorders that are characterized by excessive sleepiness such as narcolepsy and other sleep disorder. 

Positive Effects of Modafinil

  • Cognitive enhancement
  • Wakefulness
  • Does not provide euphoria but does provide some level of mood lift though minimal
  • Improved motivation

Negative Effects of Modafinil

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea
  • Insomnia
  • Dryness of the mouth
  • Running nose or stuffy nose
  • Diarrhea

It may cause dizziness. It can also cause serious and sometimes fatal skin reactions which manifest in symptoms like fever, rash, or swollen glands; though this is rare. In case one develops a rash and flu-like symptoms, it is important to seek medical advice. It not approved for use by children and should be used with caution with the elderly.
It does, however, increase the risk of mania or psychosis in vulnerable people especially when taken in high doses. Overdosage happens with very high doses and is often non-life threatening.

Very extreme overdosing could be dangerous, and medical attention should be sought in case it happens.

Over Dosage on Modafinil

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Hypertension
  • Tachycardia
  • Stomach upset
  • Nausea
  • Tremors
  • Hallucinations
  • Dizziness
  • Involuntary face and mouth movements
  • Headache

It does not cause much risk for tolerance and withdrawal symptoms are not a major concern.

It has been found to greatly reduce sleep leading to sleep deprivation. It does help to combat the effects of sleep deprivation such as in the area of cognitive performance. It can help in conditions such as ADHD and schizophrenia, although it is not yet listed among the drugs that are approved for the management of ADHD. 

So, which is right drug to use, Modafinil or Adderall?

Both Modafinil and Adderall are prescription-only drugs and should not be used without medical supervision. It is not advisable to use either of them for recreational or off-label purposes.

Both provide cognitive enhancement, increase motivation and improve the enjoyment of tasks as well as improve the symptoms of ADHD. Modafinil poses less risk of any major side effects. There is minimal risk of withdrawal symptoms or dangers involved with overdosage with Modafinil. 

How Gabapentin Can Help Your Anxiety

There has been a notable increase in the use of anticonvulsants over the recent past. Gabapentin is one among the most popular cognitive enhancers, but what makes it so appealing?  

What Is Gabapentin?

Gabapentin is one of the drugs that are prescribed for patients suffering from anxiety. This drug is marketed as Neurontin. This drug is often recommended for bipolar patients as an anxiety reliever. In this article, we will explore the usage of Gabapentin as a medication for anxiety, its benefits, disadvantages, and also have a look at associated side effects.

Gabapentin was initially used for prevention of seizures and epilepsy. Later, medical experts realized that gabapentin has the ability to suppress anxiety in bipolar patients and decided to pass it as an off-label prescription because they are not approved for such use.

Gabapentin Side Effects

Using Gabapentin for Anxiety

To-date, anxiety has no known cure. It is largely dependent on one?s coping ability. This begs the question, what then is the role of anxiety drugs? All that anxiety prescriptions can do is make it easy to live with anxiety at the moment one is under medication. As such it is practical to couple Gabapentin and other anxiety medications with other forms of therapy known to reduce anxiety.

Gabapentin is known for helping patients subsist anxiety, but it is important to consult your health service provider before starting the use of Gabapentin.


Are There Any Side Effects Of Gabapentin Drugs?

As is the case with many medications, Gabapentin has its own share of side effects. For instance, many reviewers said that that they found Gabapentin use addictive as is the case with alcohol and other drugs, withdrawal is an uphill task. Many side effects were reported from the elderly. Some of the known after effects include:

  • Weight increase
  • forgetfulness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Reduced concentration
  • Exhaustion
  • Drowsiness and headache
  • Aggressiveness
  • Some patients may experience reduced sex drive with other symptoms such as an inability to get an erection and a lower libido.
  • Gabapentin has also been said to increase the risk of suicidal deaths.
  • The effects of gabapentin usage depend on the individual user and may vary according to dosage

Safety Precautions for Taking Gabapentin Drug

Precautions for Taking Gabapentin

  • People with renal ailments should take low doses as this drug is said to cause increased accumulation of toxins.
  • Consult with your doctor to ensure that your body will not have adverse reactions.
  • It is wise to have the serum Gabapentin concentrations evaluated before administration. This reduces the likelihood of taking an overdose which might cause negative effects such as impaired vision, drowsiness or even death as mentioned earlier.
  • In case of an overdose, seek immediate help.
  • Do not take alcohol while under Gabapentin medication, it can cause side-effects.
  • In the event that you forget a dose, take it as soon as you remember.
  • Never take two doses to make up for a skipped dose.
  • Avoid mixing other drugs with Gabapentin before discussing it with your doctor. This could worsen the side effects. Drugs that may interfere with Gabapentin include herbal medicines and over-the-counter medicines such as vitamins. It is important to tell your doctor all the medicines you are on before starting on Gabapentin.
  • Avoid antacids before taking this drug; they make its absorption into your body more constrained.
  • Last but not the least; ensure you take this drug after a meal.

Other Uses of Gabapentin

As noted earlier, Gabapentin is used as an anxiety treatment drug as an off-label drug. Though it was essentially designed for bipolar patients, Gabapentin may be effective for the different ailments which include

  • Infantile Nystagmus
  • As a pain reliever for patients suffering from multiple sclerosis.
  • Hot flashes treatment.
  • May be used by people who are trying to quit smoking, though the results, in this case, are unclear.
  • It is known to successfully treat restless leg syndrome and semi-convulsions by allowing them to sleep.
  • Gabapentin is said to help people who are struggling with the effects of alcohol withdrawal although it does not avert the related convulsions.
  • This drug is also said to be essential for stopping all sorts of body itching, for example, that which is mostly experienced by people with Kidney failure.
  • May also be a good remedy for orthostatic tremors.
  • This drug is also said to treat migraines.


Though it still remains an off-label prescription for anxiety, Gabapentin still remains one of the best-selling anxiety medications.

Can Gabapentin Can Be Classified As A Narcotic?

Gabapentin drug, also known as Neurontin has been available on the market since the early 1990?s. Initially, this drug was only administered to epileptic patients to combat seizures. Years later, this drug, which is also an anticonvulsant, has been seen to have analgesic properties which make it an ideal pain reliever. Since then, this drug has since been used to suppress a number of ailments, but, is this legal?

To what would be unexpected for many people, Gabapentin has been purchased as an off-label treatment much more than it has for been for the uses intended earlier. Today, this drug is used for various off-label treatments for patients suffering from; alcohol withdrawal, hot flashes, anxiety, and restless leg syndrome.

The fact that gabapentin has not been listed as a narcotic makes it to easily be obtained by repeat users. This leads to the question by Gabapentin?s critics, is this drug a narcotic?

What Is A Narcotic?

Narcotic is a term that can be used to informally refer to drugs or substances that interfere with one?s mood or behavior. The term is commonly used to refer to illegal drugs or those taken without proper health prescriptions.

Legally, narcotics are controlled substances whose usage, if necessary, must be supervised. Narcotics are known to cause adverse effects such as addiction and an uncontrolled ?high?.

narcotics addictive

That said does Gabapentin affect one?s mood or behavior? Is it available for purchase without proper prescriptions? Let?s do a step by step analysis.

Is Gabapentin Legal?

Possessing gabapentin should only be under doctor?s prescriptions. Much as this prescription is said to be allowed, it is illegal to have it without a proper prescription. Nevertheless, the fact that its supply remains uncontrolled, obtaining this drug is considerably easy.

Does This Drug Alter One?s Mood after Use?

Gabapentin is linked to frenetic moods. Some reviewers of this drug say that they felt a surge of excitement after use. Others said that they felt calmer and relaxed after taking it. As much as relaxation does not directly relate to one?s mood, it is a state that can alter it.

Is This Drug Sold For Non-Medical Purposes?

In many cases, Gabapentin is sold as a prescribed treatment for epilepsy and bipolar disorders. Nevertheless, as it is not controlled, this drug can be obtained by specific individuals as an off-label prescription. Continued usage is said to cause ?Gabapentin high? feeling causing users to become recreational users. Addicted users need occasional sellers, right?

Does Gabapentin Affect One?s Behavior?

Agreed, Neurontin (Gabapentin) has no noticeable change in user?s behavior, however, many said that they became bolder and social after using this drug. The excitement may be higher in the event of an overdose.

over excitement

Going by the informal definition of ?narcotics?, and by the effects discussed above, (influencing both mood and behavior) Gabapentin may be described as a narcotic. We have also seen that the drug can be obtained for non-prescription purposes. However, if Gabapentin is administered by a doctor, and used correctly, then it cannot be referred to as a narcotic.

Reasons Why Gabapentin Has Not Been Officially Declared As a Narcotic

  • Unlike many known narcotics such as heroin, there has not been any sufficient evidence to proof that Gabapentin causes addiction.
  • All narcotics are controlled substances. For instance, morphine which can be used in supervised medical conditions as a controlled substance. Gabapentin, on the other hand, is not controlled and thus cannot be referred to as a narcotic.
  • Narcotics, whose usage is allowed only under supervision, require tangible prescriptions but Gabapentin is a prescription drug and continuing dosages can even be prescribed electronically.
  • Gabapentin is said to cause only a mild ?high? feeling that can hardly drive users to take overdoses or any related abuse.
  • Chances of developing tolerance to Gabapentin effects are much lower compared to other illegal drugs like heroin.
  • There are limited cases of Gabapentin overdose. This is because many people only follow doctor?s instructions on usage.

Final Verdict

When compared to other drugs that have officially been classified as narcotics, Gabapentin causes lower intoxication. As a matter of fact, there aren?t many ardent drug abusers illegally consuming this drug as there are that are yearning for illegal drugs like hydrocodone.

From a legal perspective, Gabapentin is not a narcotic. There is no official medical proof of its dependency and addictiveness, and unlike substances declared as narcotics, this drug is not a controlled substance. The chances of its abuse are also relatively lower.

In an informal context, Gabapentin can be classified as a narcotic. One can substantiate this claim by saying that this drug has the ability to cause intoxication when taken in high doses and that people willing to withdraw from its use have had a hard time.

Away from the legal and informal perspectives, what is your personal view? Have you had an experience with Neurontin? Would you consider it as narcotic?

Gabapentin For Better Sleep

Gabapentin, also known as Neurontin has been on the market since 1993. Initially, this drug was solely administered to epileptic patients as a treatment for seizures. Today, this drug is often used as an off-label drug to treat a number of medical ailments among them bipolar disorders, hot flashes, anxiety, migraines, restless leg syndrome, and chronic pains.

Does Gabapentin Help Curb Sleep Disorders And Insomnia?

FDA, an institution responsible for drugs approval and regulation has a set of Z-drugs that are recommended for insomnia patients. Many people find drugs under this category ineffective or hard to tolerate. So, is gabapentin an ideal alternative?

Although this drug is rarely prescribed for patients suffering from sleep disorders, some users who reviewed it assert that this drug is an effective sleep aid.  They claim that the drug suppresses insomnia and may lead to longer hours of sound sleep. Some studies have also shown that gabapentin decreases the chances of unwanted loss of sleep all through the night.

Going by all the preliminary evidence from reviewers of gabapentin, this drug might help patients who have difficulty sleeping. This, however, still needs further researches to be declared as true.

Before then, I will tell you all that you need to know about gabapentin, whether you are using it for insomnia or not. Read on to know how this drug works (to help users to sleep), the advantages, and points to consider before taking this drug, and the risks associated with its use.


How Gabapentin May Help Enhance Sleep

Gabapentin can help one gain sleep in many ways. Take for instance, if one?s lack of sleep was caused by intense pain or anxiety, administering this drug may suppress the pain and anxiety, therefore, allowing the patient to sleep. Below are ways through which gabapentin users can get better sleep.

  • By calming down strong headaches or migraines  Some people have severe headaches causing them to have a hard time finding sleep. Although this drug is not legally accepted as a migraine and headache remedy, taking it may reduce this pain enabling such users to sleep.
  • By reducing pain – People with painful ailments such as neuropathic pain have a hard time sleeping due to the pain caused by this condition. Neuropathic patients have fibers which are either dysfunctional and or damaged. As a result, they experience severe pains. This drug, which is approved for treatment of this condition reduces the pain making it manageable, allowing these patients to catch some sleep.
  • By treating withdrawal symptoms – Some individuals suffer insomnia after withdrawing from psychoactive drugs. They have imbalanced withdrawal after effects such as hormonal imbalance and feelings of fatigue which may interfere with their sleep cycle. Noting that gabapentin attenuates many withdrawal symptoms, its use can allow for enhanced sleep.

Neuropathic Pain

Advantages of Using Gabapentin for Sleep

  • It is more tolerable than most drugs approved for treating sleeplessness
  • If lack of sleep is caused by other conditions such as anxiety or bipolar disorders, gabapentin helps solve both problems at a go. Treating the condition, and calming you to get a good night?s sleep.
  • This drug can be administered as a sleep-aid when the need arises, that is, only at night when one feels that he/she can?t find sleep easily.
  • There is a lot of preliminary evidence from users who reviewed this drug agreeing that it does help one sleep. All these users cannot be wrong.
  • With many pharmacies and drug stores retailing Gabapentin (300mg) at $15-$30, this drug is relatively affordable for many people. Other drugs claiming to be a remedy for insomnia require users to part with over $200. That?s definitely a price too high for the average income earner.

Disadvantages of Using Gabapentin for Sleep

  • Using gabapentin may cause undesired side effects to different people. Commonly reported side effects include; drowsiness, fatigue, and weight gain.
  • Withdrawal effects, as much as this drug helps fight withdrawal effects from other drugs, persons wishing to discontinue its use have reported negative after-effects which include feelings of depression, nausea, nightmares and general body aches.
  • The efficiency of Gabapentin as a remedy for sleep remains unclear.
  • That using this drug to treat sleep disorders remains an off-label prescription limits its dependability. Some doctors may recommend its use, others may disapprove.
  • If used for a long time, some studies suggest that gabapentin may cause undesired effects such as memory loss.


As seen above, gabapentin may help enhance one?s sleep. It is, however, advisable to seek your doctor?s opinion before taking gabapentin for sleep or for any other medical condition.

Easing Nerve Pain Using Gabapentin

One can experience nerve pain (also known as neuropathic pain) as a symptom of many health conditions which may include diabetes, cancer, HIV or shingles. This condition is known to cause other disorders such as anxiety, depression, and lack of sleep. Many find nerve pains not only frustrating and unbearable but also devastating. Neuropathic pain can be experienced as burning sensations, rapid electricity shocks or needle-like pricks.

Although there is no definite cure for nerve pain, the condition can be treated or suppressed through a number of options. This article focuses on treating nerve pain with gabapentin. If you have been wondering whether gabapentin is an ideal treatment for nerve pain, or if you have been in search of a neuropathic pain drug, search no more.

This article brings to light how gabapentin, sold as Neurontin has been used to treat nerve pains. We will also explore its effectiveness and its associated advantages and disadvantages in respect to treatment of nerve pains.

Using Gabapentin for Nerve Pain

Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant drug. It was originally used to treat seizures in epileptic patients. Over time, this drug has been used to treat a host of medical conditions including bipolar disorders, restless leg syndrome, anxiety and neuropathic pain.

restless leg syndrome

Gabapentin has been approved by FDA as fit for treating nerve pains. Clinical researchers have reported positive results for many patients. Mixed results were observed in cases of diabetic, cancer, and HIV neuropathy. Nonetheless, this drug is highly recommended as the top option in the treatment of central nerve pains and post-herpetic neuralgia.


This drug can be taken at 100-300 mg three times a day for 3-7 days according to individual tolerance. Maximum daily dosage should not exceed 3600 mg. A dosage of 1800-3600 mg each day is known to be effective but calls for gradual usage for results to be achieved. Because the tolerance of gabapentin is low, effective results may take up to two months to be realized.

Because it is not metabolized hepatically, this drug has low interactions with other drugs. Nonetheless, patients with kidney ailments are required to have low doses.

Advantages of Using Gabapentin for Nerve Pain

  • It is approved as a nerve pain reliever.
  • It is relatively affordable.
  • Unlike other pain relievers, this drug can hardly cause addiction and dependency.
  • Using gabapentin for pain can help treat different ailments simultaneously; this is because it is a drug that is known to treat a host of other diseases as earlier mentioned.

Disadvantages of Using Gabapentin for Nerve Pain

  • The drug causes dizziness. This is the most common side effect of gabapentin drug. Its occurrence can be reduced by administering lower doses. Other side effects include fatigue, increased weight, and headaches.
  • Users who wished to withdraw from gabapentin administration complained of withdrawal effects ranging from fatigue, general body weakness, and headaches.


A summary of Reviews Left by Users Who Used Gabapentin to Treat Nerve Pain

  • A reviewer said that she experienced terrible headaches but these went away after two weeks of administration. She was taking gabapentin to calm restless leg syndrome.
  • After taking this drug to suppress pain caused by diabetes, another reviewer said that he experienced synapses after taking this drug.
  • One said that he found gabapentin really efficient and he can now comfortably engage in his sports activities without having to worry about nerve pains.

Safety Measures to Ensure While Taking Gabapentin

  • Do not take gabapentin as a remedy for nerve pain before consulting with a health practitioner.
  • Explain your allergy history (if any) to your doctor before taking gabapentin.
  • Avoid activities that require your full attention especially on the initial doses. Gabapentin is known to cause somnolence to some patients.
  • Unless the doctor allows it, pregnant women should not take this drug. Nursing mothers should also seek medical advice first.
  • Storage should be in room temperatures and away from moisture.
  • Renal patients should take gabapentin sparingly to avoid rapid accumulation of toxins.
  • Always tell the doctor if you are taking any other medications. He will advise on any interactions.
  • If you skip a dose, take it as soon as you remember, unless the next time for your next dose is near.
  • Never take a double dose to cover for a missed one.


Millions of people suffer from nerve pains. It is a painful condition that requires serious treatment. Why gamble with over-the-counter medications? Gabapentin has been approved for neuropathic pain and many reports assert that it actually helps ease the pain, and though results may vary on the type of pain, still, gabapentin remains a viable nerve pain reliever.

An In-depth Analysis on The effect of Phenibut on Anxiety

Anxiety is a disorder that affects a significant number of people all over the world. It is typically downplayed as a self-made disorder owing to the fact that people use the term loosely to identify any high tension situation or environment. This notion has led to people who actually suffer from the condition to negate the importance of seeking help to combat the effects of the disorder. The severity of anxiety ranges from mild to extreme in different people and situations as well.

Owing to the disregard and stigmatization that is experienced by individuals who have this disorder, it is important to provide insight on the symptoms, causes and treatment methods to the masses. This will enable the people who suffer from anxiety to seek treatment options without the fear of being ridiculed and judged. One prominent drug that has emerged to aid people in managing the symptoms of anxiety is Phenibut. It is a nootropic drug that helps in maintaining a healthy mental and physical state by enhancing cognitive functions.

What Is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a mental disorder that manifests through a series of persistent and unpleasant feelings and thoughts. It is debilitating and intimidating to cope with any stressful environment or situation when experiencing an anxiety attack. When a person is experiencing an anxiety attack, they are not able to be around a group of people, and they tend to feel nervous, uneasy and confused.

There are various kinds of anxiety, and each has its own set of symptoms. People with anxiety tend to exhibit psychological and physical symptoms of unease. However, the general symptoms of anxiety include;

  • Feeling of nervousness, tension or restlessness
  • Persistent feeling of dread and panic
  • Muscle twitch or shivers
  • Confusion and inability to focus on anything other than that dreadful feeling
  • Heart beating rapidly
  • Heavy sweating and hyperventilation
  • Engaging in compulsive behaviors
  • Desire for constant isolation in social settings

Types of Anxiety

There are 5 main types of anxiety disorders. While each varies from one person to the next, the underlying factor or cause is dominant in each. These disorders include;

1. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

An obsessive compulsive disorder, OCD is characterized by progressive unwanted thoughts. People who suffer from OCD perform a series of repetitive rituals that are deemed to ward off the thoughts of the feeling of dread or allegedly inspire good luck before an important action or event. Some of these repetitive behaviors include counting, hand washing and counter checking a mundane thing like closing the door. These rituals offer temporary relief and trigger an illusion of calmness.

2. Generalized Anxiety Disorder

GAD is an anxiety disorder that manifests through chronic anxiety and extreme levels of tension and worry. These episodes are generally not provoked.

3. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder-PTSD

PTSD is an anxiety disorder that manifests after one goes through a terrifying or traumatic event. The event or ordeal is likely to have posed or actualized a physical threat to the person. This disorder is mainly experienced by individuals who have served in a military or combative capacity.

4. Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder which is characterized by a series of intense bouts of fear and dread.

5. Social Anxiety Disorder or Social Phobia

Social Anxiety Disorder also known as social phobia is an anxiety disorder in which the person feels terrified of being in public or interacting with people. In its severe form, the person will not be able to eat, drink or even make conversation with anyone in their surroundings. They experience an innate fear or even getting out of their house which is regarded as a comfort zone.

Phenibut for Anxiety

Phenibut is a derivative of GABA which is the natural neurotransmitter located in the brain. GABA is tasked with triggering a sense of calm in the brain and regulates the activity of the neurons. GABA is integral in maintaining the balance of the membranes in the brain cells.

In the case of an over anxious mental state, GABA prevents excessive activity which is sparked by the overstimulation of neuron- the case when a person is experiencing an anxiety attack. Phenibut effectively helps to decrease the anxious state of the mind and inspire a relaxed state. It also contributes to the stimulation of Dopamine which induces a sedated feeling to reduce the dreadful feelings that run through your mind as in the case of anxiety.


Phenibut reviews have praised its potency and ability to turn down the mental background noise. When taken as prescribed, it will be able to develop a feeling of confidence and deal with the symptoms of anxiety effectively.

How Phenibut Helps Anxiety Symptoms

Anxiety is described as an emotional state that manifests through constant unpleasant thoughts and feelings of panic towards upcoming events. It is experienced in a situation where an individual is unable to cope with certain stressful situations. Anxiety is often accompanied by uneasiness, nervous behavior, and innate confusion. Disorders relating to anxiety are usually characterized by sentiments of fear, worry, and distress.

The symptoms of anxiety are experienced on various body systems including those that support digestive, respiratory, cardiac, or neurological functions. They include vertigo, severe headaches, nausea, shortness of breath, chest pains, heart palpitations, indigestion, fatigue, itchy skin, among others. Individuals experiencing long-term anxiety usually adopt defensive behavior, fight-or-flight reactions, and isolation.

Phenibut is classified in many countries as a nutritional supplement with nootropic qualities. Nootropics drug supplements are typically used to enhance cognitive functions such as memory, cognitive flexibility, motivation, creativity, and emotional wellbeing. Phenibut has a broad range of medical applications. It has been used for the treatment of depression, cognitive function deficits, anxiety, as well as in the enhancement of mood, attention span, and mental focus. It has also been applied as a remedy for motor function complications associated with ADHD, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and Huntington’s disease.

The Benefits of Phenibut in Anxiety Treatment

It is a pharmaceutical drug used in the medical treatment of insomnia, vestibular disorders, alcoholism, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and most importantly, anxiety. It is considered to have nootropic qualities due to its capability to improve primary neurological functions. Some of the benefits include:

1. Promote GABA absorption in the brain

This supplement is a neurological depressant that is a derivative of the natural neurotransmitter, GABA. GABA is charged with the responsibility of restricting excessive excitatory neuron activity resulting from overstimulation. However, GABA lacks the ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier.

This barrier prevents blood circulating in the brain from mixing with fluids in the central nervous system. Owing to the presence of an additional phenyl ring, Phenibut can accomplish this. It makes it easier for GABA to bind to receptors in the brain and level off extreme neural activity that brings about anxious thoughts.

2. Reduce stress by increasing dopamine production

The drug supplement produces a calming effect because it boosts the production of dopamine. This is a neurotransmitter that helps to inspire feelings of happiness and motivation. It also influences the general mood and movement of the body.

3. It can be used in the treatment of social anxiety

It is important to note that Phenibut can be used to treat anxiety because it increases the absorption of GABA in the receptors of the brain, and the body’s production of dopamine. It is also an excellent solution for individuals suffering from social anxiety and bouts of extreme shyness. This is because it lowers inhibitions and self-consciousness, making you more confident and outgoing.

4. Increased relaxation and mental performance

As a central depressant, Phenibut evokes reduction of anxiety, stress, and depression during extended periods of nervousness and high stress, as well as treating sleep disorders. It is identified as a depressant because it lowers the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain. It makes you feel marginally sedated while allowing your thoughts to flow freely in your mind. This translates to reduced levels of stress without actually lowering the performance of your mind.

5. It helps improve alertness and concentration

The drug is very effective because it also addresses other aspects that likely bring about anxiety. Factors such as sleep deprivation, prolonged periods of depression and stress work in the background to trigger anxiety episodes. Phenibut is used to promote alertness, attention span, memory consolidation, and recall. This means that it can also increase your mental productivity.


When using Phenibut for anxiety treatments, it is important to enlist the services of a medical professional. The reason for this is that consultation will help you determine the correct dosage, as determined by your needs and your physical structure. This will put you in a good position to avoid any adverse effects associated with drug overdoses such as severe anxiety and depression, sleepiness and low body temperatures.

It is also recommended to use this supplement alternatively with some other nootropics with the same benefits so you can prevent tolerance to Phenibut. Using large doses of this drug supplement will lead to cognitive inadequacy. Be careful not to mix the use of this medication with sedatives, other prescription drugs, or alcohol.

Phenibut – The Beginners Usage Guide

Original citing of the wonder drug Phenibut dates back to the 20th century in the Soviet Space Programs. It was used by the astronauts who experienced bursts of anxiety and stress while executing their duties. The nootropic community is rapidly recognizing Phenibut as the best drug for anxiety debilitating. With the recognition, comes a significant number of Phenibut fans. Some adhere to the recommended dosage and restrictions, while others have no regard for these important factors.

Phenibut is an impressive cognitive enhancer if used as prescribed. However, people tend to self-medicate and take more than what is recommended to experience a sense of euphoria. This leads to various complications and side effects. As with any other drug, Phenibut has a recommended dosage that has been set for different kinds of effects.

With the growing popularity of Phenibut, people are interested in learning the actual properties of the drug. These conversations spark questions about how the drug can be safely used, if Phenibut has any withdrawal symptoms and the tolerance level of the drug among others. Considering it is the most effective over the counter solution for various forms of anxiety, it is imperative to address these concerns to ensure that users get the most out of the use of this drug safely.

The Beginners Guide to Using Phenibut

Phenibut is widely known for being a clinical anti-anxiety nootropic. Once taken, it can effectively decrease any social inhibitions and extreme levels of stress and anxiety. Phenibut has the structural makeup of Gamma Aminobutyric acid; GABA. This anxiolytic also exhibits mild dopaminergic effects. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which helps to inspire feelings of positivity, especially when achieving goals and taking part in other positive experiences. Phenibut works by joining the alpha (2) delta calcium channels that are located in the brain along with the GABAB receptors. Phenibut is good for;

1. Improving and promoting healthy sleep patterns.

It builds up the alpha (2) delta calcium pathways. This is integral to the enhancement of slow wave sleep. Slow wave sleep is clinically known as one of the most restorative stages of sleeping that rejuvenates the mental and physical being of the user.

2. Eliminating various forms of stress and anxiety.

Phenibut helps to prevent the inhibition and ultimately eliminate social and general anxiety. It inspires a relaxed and calm state of mind once taken. For people who are chronically anxious or stressed, Phenibut helps to eliminate this state of mind and also improves the thinking ability, elevates the mood and generally makes the user confident of themselves.

Consequence of excessive use

Going astray from the prescribed intake instructions could possibly result to a host of complications. Some people tend to self-medicate and use Phenibut as a supplement for alcohol. The drug is known to work on the same receptors that alcohol affects. Taking Phenibut to attain effects other than what it is intended for is considered abuse of the drug. It can also potentially lead to detrimental effects that escalate to the point of mental impairment.

Among the symptoms of Phenibut intoxication include; impaired mental and physical intoxication, slurred speech, mild levels of amnesia and a hangover that resembles one that is experienced from the over indulgence of alcohol.

Users tend to misappropriate the effects of Phenibut due to the fact that it is sold as a nutritional supplement. It, therefore, becomes very easy to negate its potency and different side effects which will ultimately result in extreme dependence and progressive stages of withdrawal.

Tips for taking Phenibut

Phenibut should be taken on an empty stomach. This is due to the fact that the intake of food hinders the absorption and breakdown of the important elements in the drug. Once the drug is taken, it is important for you to wait for up to six hours to take another dose. Also, note that you are only allowed to re-dose if you do not feel any effects of the drug.

Phenibut can be taken for recreational and therapeutic purposes. The reaction to the drug is different for each user. Therefore it is important to consult a physician for adequate advice on the quantity that should be taken. Lighter doses are ideal for people who are looking to ward off anxiety symptoms and become more sociable and lively. For individuals who are looking to use Phenibut as a sleeping aid, doses of up to 1000 mg can be used.


Phenibut is one of the best anxiolytic drugs on the market. Regardless of the fact that it is readily available over the counter in most chemists and stores, it is imperative for you to take consideration of the effects that associate with it and the rules that pertain to its intake. Doing this will help you to experience the full potential of the drug without any adverse hindrances.

What is Phenibut? – A Comprehensive Guide To The Wonder Nootropic

The nootropic community is witnessing a renaissance in the variety of smart drugs that are being engineered in the pursuit of optimal cognitive function. The market is getting saturated with these highly desired drugs owing to the numerous numbers recorded in the nootropic community.

These smart drugs and supplements assist in eliminating fatigue, improving the body?s productivity levels and enhancing cognitive functions. They are primarily optimized to give an individual a distinct edge over their daily activities.

Phenibut is a prominent drug in the nootropic community. It was developed in the late 20th century in Russia. It was originally created for Russian astronauts who experienced bouts of anxiety and stress during the course of their duties.

The concept behind the invention was to relieve this stress and anxiety without actually affecting the mental and physical performance of these astronauts. Over the years, it has gained prominence as a solution to various ailments including anxiety, which plague people who go through their days in a fast-paced environment and a great amount of pressure.

Phenibut contains a chemical that has the same composition with a chemical component in the brain known as Gamma Aminobutyric acid; GABA. It is derived from Beta-Phenyl-Y-Amino butyric Acid.

How Phenibut Works

Once the drug goes into the system, Phenibut moves across the blood-brain blockade that has been formed from the inclusion of the phenyl rings. Once it crosses over, it binds to the GABA receptor which then triggers the expulsion of the GABA. This, therefore, means that Phenibut acts as a hypothetical key that unlocks the essential receptors in the brain.

The GABA receptors are unlocked depending on the kind of dosage that the user takes. Aside from improving the cognitive function and overall mood, experts also state that Phenibut enhances the release of dopamine.

Many people take Phenibut due to its ability to create a calm cognitive environment for the undeterred execution of tasks. It is also known to effectively combat fear, insomnia, fatigue, post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD, depression mild levels of alcoholism among much more. It is preferred by members of the nootropic community as it alleviates any feelings of anxiety and stress in different kinds of situations.

When taken in small doses, Phenibut is able to make the user experience a sense of extreme calm, uplifts the moods and feel relaxed as well. In the case of a social platform, the drug gives the user an edge over the people around them and even goes a step further to make them sociable. Phenibut is also known to be highly potent. Once taken, it lasts through the day and ensures that regardless of the environment, your mind is in a state of complete calm and peace.

When taken in slightly higher doses, Phenibut is able to assist the user in combating insomnia. It essentially assumes the role of a sleeping aid. In a higher dosage, Phenibut works directly on the part of the brain that is affected by alcohol which translates to helping induce peaceful sleep through the course of the night.

Phenibut is preferred by most people as it is not likely to make one addicted. Many of these cognitive enhancers are laced with ingredients that make the user dependent. Conversely, Phenibut can be used daily without the possibility of getting the user hooked to it.

Where is Phenibut bought?

Phenibut is widely accessible in ecommerce and online stores. It is sold as a nootropic supplement that can be purchased in the form of salt-like crystals, powder or capsules. When buying this drug without a subscription, be sure to consult your physician for comprehensive advice on the indications and side effects it might have on any other medication that is being taken.


Phenibut features as one of the advanced nootropics with a host of benefits to the user. People who need to enhance their cognitive functionality, gain some social skills during direct confrontations, improve energy levels and eliminate the fluctuation of moods can be able to achieve all this using Phenibut.

However, users should adhere to the prescribed regulations that dictate the use of this drug. Failure to do this will result in extreme side effects that are detrimental to the progress made in regards to handling depression and anxiety. Users should ensure that they stick to the rules and dosage recommendations so that they can experience the optimal benefits of Phenibut.